Northern Provinces


Sierra Leone’s Northern Province is one of the five administrative regions of the country.

It is located in the northern part of Sierra Leone and is bordered by the Western Area to the west, the North West Province to the northwest, and the Eastern Province to the east.

The capital and largest city of the Northern Province is Makeni city. The Northern Province is further divided into five districts: Bombali, Kambia, Koinadugu, Port Loko, and Tonkolili. Each district is administered by a District Council, which is headed by a District Chairman. The Northern Province is known for its agricultural productivity, with fertile land suitable for farming. It is the country’s major producer of agricultural commodities such as rice, cocoa, coffee, and palm oil. The region also has significant mineral resources, including iron ore, diamonds, and bauxite.

Languages spoken:

The Northern Province is home to diverse ethnic groups, including

  • Temne
  • Limba
  • Kuranko among others

Economic Activities:

  • Agriculture is a major economic activity in the Northern Province, with rice, cocoa, coffee, and palm oil being among the important crops cultivated.
  • The province is also known for its diamond mining activities in places like Kono and Koidu.

Tourism Potential:

  • The province boasts natural attractions, including beaches, wildlife, and scenic landscapes, making it a potential area for tourism development.
  • Bonthe Island, for instance, offers historical sites, mangrove forests, and opportunities for ecotourism.


The northern part of Sierra Leone is home to several attractions that showcase the natural beauty, history, and cultural heritage of the region. Here are some notable attractions in the northern part of Sierra Leone:

    1. Outamba-Kilimi National Park: Located in the northwest part of Sierra Leone, Outamba-Kilimi National Park is a protected area known for its diverse wildlife and stunning landscapes. The park is home to species such as elephants, chimpanzees, hippos, and various bird species. Visitors can enjoy guided nature walks, birdwatching, and wildlife viewing.

    2. Makeni: As the largest city in the Northern Province, Makeni offers a vibrant urban experience. The city has a bustling market, lively street life, and cultural events. Visitors can explore the local arts and crafts scene, visit historic sites, and immerse themselves in the local culture.At the heart of Sierra Leone, visitors will find bustling Makeni, a trading town and the economic hub of the countryโ€™s Northern Province.Makeni is home to the Temne people who are largely engaged in agricultural activities. The town is therefore a major trading centre for production such as palm oil and kernels, as well as rice. The Makeni women are particularly well known for their Gara tie-dying talents. Travellers will likely use Makeni as a base from which to embark on their journey north to OutambaKilimi National Park.

    3. Loma Mountains: The Loma Mountains, located in the Koinadugu District, offer breathtaking scenery and opportunities for adventure. The mountains are home to diverse wildlife, including rare species such as the pygmy hippo and the viviparous toad. Visitors can explore the lush forests, hike to waterfalls, and enjoy birdwatching.

    4. Kabala: Located in the Koinadugu District, Kabala is a town known for its picturesque landscapes and traditional culture. It serves as a gateway to the Loma Mountains and offers opportunities for hiking, camping, and interacting with local communities. Quiet and cool, the northern town of Kabala is perhaps most famous for its New Yearโ€™s celebrations which draw locals for miles wanting to ring in the new year from the imposing Gbawuria Hill which looms over the town. Nearby Senekedugu Village is a must-stop for visitors to get a window on how a local agricultural village is run and, for keen hikers, the nearby WaraWara Mountains, as well as Mount Bintumani, can be reached from this town.

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